รสชาติอาหารไทย (rót chɑ̂ɑt ɑɑ hɑ̌ɑn Thai): Taste of Thai Food

Thai food has a reputation for being spicy because most of Thai food is the use of fresh herbs and spices but actually Thai food is based on a balance between different flavors.

Thai people love to have their meals cooked in a traditional way with well balance of Thai flavors. These tastes of Thai food, in some dishes, might have 3 to 5 flavors.

Let’s learn some useful words about “Tastes of Thai Food”

หวาน (waăn): sweet – There are different types of sugar produced in Thailand which are white and brown sugar, palm and coconut sugars. Both sugars are produced from the sweet, watery sap that drips from cut flower buds. Palm and coconut sugars are usually used in curry dishes and considerably in Thai desserts.

Example:

คนไทยชอบเครื่องดื่มรสหวานและเย็น

khon  Thai chɔɔ̂p  khrwɑ̂ŋ dẁwm rót wɑ̌ɑn lé yen

The Thais like to drink sweet and cold beverage.

เค็ม (khem): salty – flavor usually comes from sea saltsoy sauce, and fish sauce. Fish sauce is considerably used in Thai cooking while different kind of soy sauces are mostly used for soups and stir fry dishes.

Example:

คุณชอบทานอาหารเค็มไหมคะ

khun  chɔɔ̂p  thaan ɑɑ hɑ̌ɑn khem  mái  khá

Do you like to eat salty food?

เปรี้ยว (bprîaw): sour, tart – flavor is extensively added in Thai salads, soups, dips, and some drinks, usually comes from tamarind มะขาม (mɑ́ khɑ̌ɑm), lime มะนาว (mɑ́ ńɑɑw) and kaffir lime fruit มะกรูด (mɑ́ gruùt) which is light green and very sour fruit.

Example:

ต้มยำกุ้งไม่เปรี้ยวและไม่เผ็ดมาก

dtôm yɑm gûŋ mɑ̂i bpriɑ̂w lɛ́ mɑ̂i phèt mɑ̂ɑk

Hot and sour soup with shrimp isn’t so sour and isn’t so hot.

เผ็ด (phèt): spicy, hot – flavor usually comes from fresh and dried Thai chilies, black and white peppers, garlic, and ginger. This taste of Thai food, spicy, is seldom missed in Thai cooking. Level relatively differs from personal preference.

Example:

ปกติคนไทยชอบทานอาหารรสเผ็ด

bpòk gɑ̀ dtì khon Thai chɔɔ̂p thaan ɑɑ hɑ̌ɑn rót  phèt

Normally, the Thais like to eat spicy food.

อาหารเผ็ดแต่อร่อย

ɑɑ hɑ̌ɑn phèt dtɛ̀ɛ   ɑ̀ ròi

The food is hot, but delicious.

ขม (khǒm): bitter – flavor in Thai food does not often exits in most of Thai dishes. However, bitter flavor comes from a few kinds of vegetables and fruit which is believed to have a medicinal benefit.

Example:

คนจีนชอบทานอาหารรสขม

The Chinese like to eat bitter food.

khon  jiin  chɔɔ̂p  thaan  aa hăan rót  khǒm

จืด (jὼωt): bran, tasteless, unseasoned – not having much flavor, not many Thai food are tasteless but soups and vegetarians stir fry dishes are mostly bran.

Example:

คนไทยไม่ชอบทานอาหารจืดและเย็น

khon Thai mɑ̂i  chɔɔ̂p  thaan  aa  hăan  jὼωt  lέ  yen

The Thais don’t like to eat unseasoned and cold food.

มัน (man): greasy, oily – a typical Thai eatery menu are made using coconut milk, especially the curry selection. Since coconut milk is high in saturated fatty acids that can lead to high cholesterol, it should be consumed in moderation. Many Thai main dishes and curries are made rich and creamy by mostly coconut milk.

Example:

เขาไม่ชอบกินอาหารมัน

khɑ̌w mɑ̂i chɔ̂ɔp gin ɑɑ hɑ̌ɑn mɑn

She doesn’t like to eat oily food.